Facts About Premature Birth That You Should Know
When it comes to premature birth, the doctor or your gynecologist is the right person to provide you with the necessary information and facts.
However, there are certain facts related to premature birth that an expecting mother should know so that she can prepare accordingly and prevent premature birth.
Here is a list of facts about premature birth that you should know –
- Definition – A baby is known as a premature baby if he is born at least three weeks before the due date. Since the baby is born early, he may be subject to an array of problems. The infant may not have developed fully and is definitely going to be smaller with low weight than a baby, who is delivered after the completion of the term.
- Figures – according to studies and researches, premature birth happens in approximately ten percent of the total pregnancies. The earlier the infant is born; the lower is the survival rate. However, infants born after thirty two weeks are known to survive on their own. In addition, many infants are also known to survive with medical help, but there exists twenty percent chance of disability.
- Probable risk factors – if you are carrying multiple babies – twins or triplets, then the chances of premature birth increases largely as there is less space in the womb. Consumption of alcohol and cigarette during the pregnancy period is also known to give way to premature birth.
- Complications that may arise – Babies born prematurely are primarily known to develop problems such as vision impairments and learning disabilities. Depending upon how early the premature birth has taken place, the baby may also develop digestive, intestinal, and breathing problems. The chances of development of jaundice or cerebral palsy are also high.
- Treatment of the infant – Premature babies need extensive treatment and are known to be kept longer in the hospital unlike the babies who are born after the completion of the pregnancy period. They are generally treated in neonatal intensive unit, which is especially designed for treatment of premature babies. They may also need regular checkups.